Channel “Inequalities With Alice Krozer”

Inequalities
A podcast hosted by Dr Alice Krozer
Dr Alice Krozer is a researcher based in Mexico working on inequalities. In this space, we share the conversations Alice has with inequality experts from Mexico and around the world dedicated to studying inequalities from different angles and disciplines.

What are inequalities? Why do they matter? What could be done about them? Accompany Alice on her exploratory tour to better understand the shape, origins, and consequences of the complex phenomenon of inequality.
Want to know more? We invite you to join the conversation! Write to us with questions about inequality, or if you would like Alice to further explore some aspects you are particularly interested in.

 

 

In this episode, the last for this first season, Alice welcomes Nerina Finetto, founder and director of Traces&dreams. They are going to speak about Alice’s research. Perceptions of poverty, wealth and social mobility underpin policy preferences about redistribution in Mexico and beyond. But Mexicans’ desired level of equality is inconsistent with the contribution that they are willing to offer, especially at the top end of the scale. Instead of being seen as a burden, taxes should be understood as an investment in an inclusive, prosperous, and fair society.

Today, progressive taxes on wealth, inheritance, and capital are non-existent in Mexico. Moreover, the Mexican state’s limited capacity for tax collection and redistribution is compounded by the redistributive weakness of Mexico’s fragmented and hierarchical welfare state. To change this situation, the discourse around taxation needs to be reversed. Instead of seeing taxes as a burden, they must be understood as an investment in an inclusive, prosperous, and fair society.

How much would you be willing to sacrifice for that?

In this episode, Alice speaks with Djaffar Shalchi, entrepreneur, civil society activist, and millionaire – in favor of taxing #millionaires.

We speak about his organization Human Act, with its initiative Millionaires for humanity, which aims to get other multimillionaires on board and committed to a 1% global wealth tax for themselves and their peers.

Denmark-based Iranian-born Djaffar explains how difficult it is to convince his fellow wealthy people, why he is not betting on space travel and the importance of the state in the fight against inequalities.

In this podcast episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Lara Monticelli, Assistant Professor and Marie Curie Fellow at the Copenhagen Business School. Her research focuses on economic and political sociology and social movements, and she is a co-founder of the Alternatives to #Capitalism research network.

They speak about what defines capitalism, its relation to crises, and what alternatives within or without capitalism might look like.

Find out why good industrial policies are important to fight against inequality. In this podcast episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Amir Lebdioui, a Fellow at the Latina America Centre at the London School of Economics and an expert in industrial policy and economic diversification.

They talk about what industrial policy is, why it had just a bad image until recently, what makes its importance in the fight against inequality and how his Algerian home got him interested in the subject in the first place.

How can we change economics? How to make an economy that works for people and the planet | Purpose vs Profit podcast with Jennifer Hinton.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Dr. Jennifer Hinton. Jennifer is an expert in sustainable economics and Senior Research Fellow at the Schumacher Institute located in Bristol (she is based in Stockholm though). She has a Ph.D. in Economics and another one in Sustainability Science. They talk about the relationship-to-profit theory, how it could help address the sustainability and inequality crises we’re currently facing, and how a not-for-profit world would look like.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Jonathan Mijs, Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellow at Erasmus University in Rotterdam, and lecturer in sociology at Harvard University.

Jonathan is an expert on how people perceive and explain inequalities. He explains how the formation of these beliefs is anchored in our individual surroundings, why people overestimate social mobility, what meritocracy has to do with it, and if there can be a future where everybody knows more about people different from themselves.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Javier Gonzalez, the Director of SUMMA (Education, Research and Innovation Laboratory for Latin America and the Caribbean), an affiliated lecturer at the University of Cambridge, and an associate researcher at COES (Center for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies) in Chile.

They talk about failed Meritocracy, on the basis of the recent report he published called “Divergent Trajectories: From the Higher Education Promise of Social Mobility to the Reality of Graduates in the Labour Market. He explains that social class of origin matters for incomes later in life even where individuals pass through the same institutions of higher education and actually social class becomes increasingly important over time.

A podcast episode with the economist Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez – What has poverty to do with inequality? | Inequality, Poverty, and Growth | WE ARE IN THE MIDDLE OF SEVERE CRISIS | Countries are suffering.

In this episode of #futureframedTV, Alice speaks with the economist Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez, a researcher at King’s College London and the Strategic Policy Engagement Unit of UNDP. Eduardo is an expert in poverty and inequality measurement and social policy; he explains the workings of the poverty-inequality-growth triangle (famously coined by F Bourguignon) and they talk about different indicators to measure inequality, the inequality- decrease over the last decade in Latin America and poverty reduction in Mexico at the municipal level.

What is the role of the state to reduce inequalities? How society without taxation looks? Do we need to pay more taxes?

In this podcast episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Jorge Atria, a specialist in economic and fiscal sociology and social stratification at the University Diego Portales and the COES -Center for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies in Chile.

They talk about tax policies, the role of the state, distributive justice and the need to have a more progressive fiscal structure in most countries of the world, and how there might be a window of opportunity to move towards this right now.

In this podcast episode, we talk about easy, legal, and free migration.

Dr. Alejandra Díaz de León explains why do migrants leave their homes. She is telling their story about crossing the borders.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Alejandra Díaz de León, sociologist specializing on migration, at El Colegio de México. They talk about Central American migrants on their way to the US, trust between people who shouldn’t trust each other, the difficulties of transmigration more generally, and the particularities of deterrence policies on the American route. Tune in!

What is the price women pay for love? Podcast episode about gender inequalities in household and how to overcome them.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Sofia Mosqueda, political scientist and consultant, about the Politics of Love: the different expectations by gender towards what “to love” means, the convenience of the state to maintain intrahousehold inequality, and how a good love should look like instead.

ARE WE SEGREGATED BY CLASS? Let’s talk about economic development, big data, and urban inequality in Mexico City. Podcast episode with Diego Vazquez.

In this podcast episode, Alice speaks with Diego Vazquez who is the Research Director of #Oxfam Mexico. Diego is an economist specializing in Economic Development. They talk about last year’s report on Big Data and Urban Inequality where they found Mexico City to be completely segregated by class in terms of spaces used for recreation, education, and more.

Interplay of fiscal and monetary policies.
Why we need to know more about monetary policies!

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr Carlo Panico, economics professor at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, an expert in financial events, income distribution, and growth.
They talk about the interplay of fiscal and monetary policies, the role of central banks, and the financial markets’ lack of trust in party politics, especially in emerging countries. We also discuss how this, rather than being a technical challenge, is a political problem; in other words, how political will provides (or impedes) improvement in the coordination of institutions.

How China Escaped Shock Therapy.
The making of China’s economic reforms.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr Isabella Weber, assistant professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who is a political economist of China and global trade. They talk about Isabella’s new book “How China Escaped Shock Therapy”, what actually is shock therapy, why it was a bad idea (in hindsight) and how China managed to develop its own way of transitioning from state planning through gradual reindustrialization to its current strong position.

The Resource Curse – Does oil make you rich?

“The resource curse, also known as the paradox of plenty or the poverty paradox, is the phenomenon of countries with an abundance of natural resources (such as fossil fuels and certain minerals) having less economic growth, less democracy, or worse development outcomes than countries with fewer natural resources.” Wikipedia

In this episode, Alice speaks with Jesus Carrillo, Mechanical Engineer pursuing his Ph.D. in Economics at El Colegio de México, currently on a fellowship at Yale University, who specializes in the political economy of energy. They talk about the challenge of countries relying on natural resources for development (the resource curse), the sustainability of state reliance on oil, and how the future of big oil companies is changing.
#future #inequalities #economics

The Economic History of Large Pandemics

Today’s guest is Diego Castañeda, Head of Economics, Finance, and International Development at Ai-D (Agenda for International Development) think tank.
We had already the pleasure to speak with him in episode #4.
Have a watch here:
https://www.tracesdreams.com/video/inequalities-4/

In this episode, Alice and Diego talk about his new book “Pandenomics”. They talk about crises, pandemics, economic history and lessons learned (or not) for governments from previous crises.

The British Royals- Wealth, Power and Inequality

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Laura Clancy, lecturer in Media and Inequality at the University of Lancaster.
Laura researches the British #royalty and their relationship with/representation in the media. They talk about wealth, the importance of Royals in society today, the difficulties of researching anything related due to the secrecy and guarded image they keep, and recent cracks in this image with the Harry/Meghan conversation with Ophra and the accusation of racism.

Migrants, Expatriates, Mobility & Perceptions

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Sarah Kunz, Research Fellow at Bristol University who focuses on the politics of Migration categories, particularly elite mobility.

They speak about the meaning of terms like migrant and expat, the privileges and prejudices associated with one or the other, and how their meaning changed over time, also about the way citizenship and belonging are used or discarded in people’s identity and how this all links to international inequalities.

The politics of care

The episode in #Spanish with English subtitles.

In this episode of #Inequalities, Alice speaks with the sociologist Dr. Makieze Medina Ortiz, who is an expert in Childcare and Human Rights policies. They talk about the unequal division of care work in the households, and the missing engagement of the state to compensate and equalize this burden.

Inequality in Finland

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Hanna Kuusela, Academic Research fellow at Tampere University in Finland and cultural studies scholar working on issues of wealth.
They talk about the particularity of Finland, and of researching inequalities in the allegedly most equal country/example in the world.

Violence, Youth and Education

In this episode,i Alice speaks with Cirenia Chavez, a doctor in development studies from the University of Cambridge, and has been a consultant for different UN agencies including UNDP, Unicef, etc. Cirenia’s research focuses on the relation between violence, youth, and education. They talk about Cirenia’s study with imprisoned young male offenders in Ciudad Juarez, and some of the factors that drive them towards becoming offenders or not.

We dedicate this episode to the memory of Giulio Regeni, Cirenia’s and Alice friend and co-PhD student at Cambridge, who was killed in Egypt in 2016.

You can find out more about Dr Cirenia Chavez here:
https://www.cireniachavez.com/

Ethical challenges in the time of Covid19

In this episode, Alice speaks with Mira Krozer, a cultural anthropologist, who is an Integrity Advisor at Governance and Integrity in the Netherlands. They speak about the ethical questions faced by the medical staff and care sector during the pandemic, who decides what are morally right ways to act, and how an archive of testimonies can help inform and create accountability towards our dealing with the crises, on the individual and societal levels.

Reconciliation, Peace-building, and Forgiveness.

I had today with Jakob Silas Lund, stay-at-home-dad, writer, a consultant for a wide range of international development organizations (particularly UN women and other UN entities), and award-winning reconciliation activist. This conversation is about the issues of Reconciliation/ Peace-building, Forgiveness, and retributive justice, on a personal and global level.
Enjoy this reflexive and personal conversation!

Financial Market Central Banks, and Inequality.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Dr. Jens Van T’Klooster, a specialist in Monetary Policy and Financial Markets who is a postdoctoral researcher at KU Leuven and the University of Amsterdam. Alice and Jens speak about the role of central banks in dealing with crises, and how the conventional wisdom of what monetary policy is able (and allowed) to do has suddenly been turned on its head since the onset of the pandemic. Jens explains how central banks effectively create (and should do so) money out of thin air to pay for the pandemic related costs in the EU/US, while those of other regions of the world are more restrained in their policy space still, unfairly – and how this all relates to inequality.

The costs of Inequality

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr Diego Sanchez-Ancochea, Director of the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford about his new book “The costs of inequality in Latin America: lessons and warnings for the rest of the world”.

Inequality and caste in India (and beyond)

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Ujithra Ponniah who is a Wealth Inequality and Elite Studies Fellow at the Southern Centre for Inequality Studies (SCIS) at the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa, about inequalities in India, the importance and meaning of caste (in and beyond India) and social protests.

Extreme Wealth and Inequality in London

In this episode, Alice speaks with Prof. Rowland Atkinson from the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at the University of Sheffield. Rowland is an expert in the urban concentration of wealth, and what it does to the social fabric of the City.
In this conversation, you will learn about what extreme wealth has done to London, the changes it brings socially, politically, and physically (in terms of urban structure).

Climate, Inequality, and Sustainable finance

In this episode, Alice speaks with Aranxa Sanchez. She works at the Mexican Ministry of finance- Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público- where she is the Encargada de Finanzas Sostenibles. They speak about environmental inequality, the impact of climate change, and how sustainable finance can help to mitigate the related problems.

How to fight Inequality

In this episode, Alice speaks with Ben Phillips the author of How to Fight Inequality (And Why this Fight needs you).
Ben Phillips advises the UN, governments and civil society organisations. He was Launch Director of the Fight Inequality Alliance, and Campaigns and Policy Director for Oxfam and ActionAid International. He has lived and worked in four continents and a dozen cities. He has led programmes and campaigns teams in Save the Children, the Children’s Society, the Global Call to Action Against Poverty and the Global Campaign for Educationd. He began his development work at the grassroots, as a teacher and ANC activist living in Mamelodi township, South Africa, in 1994, just after the end of apartheid.

The Social Unrest and Inequalities in Chile

In this episode, Alice interviews Dr. Javier Gonzalez, who is Director of SUMMA (Laboratory for Education, Research and Innovation for Latin American and the Caribbean); he s also an affiliated lecturer at Cambridge Uni and researcher at COES (Uni Chile). They talk about the relationship between inequalities and the social unrest in Chile, how institutions influence the distribution, and the country’s recent move to change the Constitution, and what this could mean for its education system.

Tax Havens, Offshore Finance and International Inequality

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Andrea Binder, who is a Fellow at the Global Public Policy Institute, and an expert in offshore finance. They talk about the relationship between tax planning and banking, the role of the state, who or what actually IS the state, and how all this interlinks with elites, and ultimately, international inequality.

Inequality, Power, and Elites in Central America.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Francisco Robles, professor at the School of Communication and the Institute of Social Research at the University of Costa Rica. Francisco specializes in the investigation of elites. We talk about the particularities of studying inequality in Costa Rica and Central America, and the danger and difficulties of doing elite research in the region.

You can find the podcast hosted by Dr. Francisco Robles here:
https://anchor.fm/iis-ucr

And here some of the resources suggested:
https://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9781137359391
https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/fesamcentral/07598.pdf

The Impact of Public Finance on Inequality

In episode 19 Alice speaks with Carlos Brown, an expert in fiscal justice and public finance. He is the co-director of the Urban South Institute, a think-and-do-tank for environmental and governance issues in the Global South.

Food Inequality in Different Social Classes.

Dr Paloma Villagómez is a postdoc at the Social Research Institute of Mexicos national university UNAM. She specializes in food inequality and she talks with Alice about food processing and eating habits and practices by different social classes, and the prejudices related to (un)healthy diets.

The Multidimensionality of inequalities.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Raymundo Campos-Vazquez, economist, professor at the Colegio de México currently on academic leave at the Central Bank.

They talk about the multidimensionality of inequality, perceptions of inequality, and discrimination on the labor market related to obesity.

Elections, politics, and criminal organizations in Mexico.

In this episode, Alice is with Dr. Amalia Pulido, assistant professor at the Political Studies Department of the Center for Research and Teaching in Economics (CIDE).

Amalia is an expert in political violence and its relation with political parties. They talk about the upcoming elections, how criminal capture of candidates fosters inequality, murders of politicians, and the importance of accountability in the election process.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Raul Bravo Aduna, the (former) journalist and (now) editor of the resort Economy and Society at Nexos Magazine (arguably the most important editorial in Mexico).
They talk about the role of publishing intelligible information about inequality for society, and what its impact could be. It’s a pessimistic chat with a hopeful tone.

Worth watching!

In this episode, Alice meets Dr. Rosario Aparicio, a researcher at the Seminar for Labor and Inequality at El Colegio de México. They talk about the difficulties that indigenous women confront in the labor market, and in Mexico in general, the Zapatista revolution of 1994, and the current feminist movement and demonstrations going on these days.

The conversation is in Spanish with English subtitles!

Rich Russians and wealth creation.

In this interview, Alice speaks with Dr. Elisabeth Schimpfössl, a sociologist specialized elites and Russia at Aston University (UK). They talked about Elisabeth Schimpfössl ‘s book ‘Rich Russians’, and how the dramatic changes in Russia since the 1990s conditioned wealth creation and concentration, and where the (in)famous oligarchs are now.

In this episode, Alice speaks with the economist Dr. Eva Arceo-Gómez, professor at the Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico. Eva is one of the foremost gender economics experts in Mexico. They talk about Eva’s research on the penalty of motherhood in the labor market, the persistent gender pay gap, the unequal distribution of unpaid work in the home, and what needs to be done to improve women’s situation and decrease gender inequalities.

The opportunities technologies hold for a better future.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Michal Kosinski from the Stanford Graduate School of Business. He is an Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior. Michal Kosinski’s research focuses on individual differences in behavior, preferences, and performance.
Alice and Michal speak bout the opportunities technologies hold for a better future, and how there is always a good and bad potential in all change.

Enjoy the conversation!

This is a conversation between Alice and Hugo Cerón-Anaya, an assistant professor in the sociology and anthropology department at Lehigh University in Bethlehem

They talked about his recent book Privilege at Play, which analyses the entanglement of Class, Race and Gender in the creation of privilege in Mexico, through an ethnographic study of Golf clubs. Hugo explains about the importance of studying privilege and what it meant to immerse himself into spaces of privilege as a researcher (without belonging to them himself).

The Covid-19 Crisis and Inequality in Mexico.

In this episode, Alice speaks with Dr. Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid, Professor of Economics at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). They talk about the necessity to the consequences of the Covid-19 crisis on inequality in Mexico and the Latin American region, and how, in order to get rid of physical distancing, we first need to reduce the social distance between those who have, and those who don’t have, resources like income, health care, and others.

Migrants, Racial Discrimination, and Inequality

In this episode, Alice speaks with Jean Beaman from the University of California Santa Barbara. They talk about Jean Beaman’s book “Citizen Outsider” which describes the experience of second-generation migrants from the Maghreb and racial discrimination in France, and how the situation is there compares to the US.

What does golf have to do with inequality?

In this episode, Alice speaks with Patrick Inglis, Professor at Grinnell College in Iowa. They talk about his recent book Narrow Fairways, which describes the points of connection between elites and the poor in India through studying the relationship of golfers with their caddies, and about the study of elites and inequalities in general.

In this episode, Alice meets Dr Máximo Jaramillo, a sociologist working at Fundar (civil society foundation for tax research) and the founder of Gatitos contra la desigualdad (kitties against inequality), a viral social media persona informing people about inequality with cat pictures). They chat about Máximo’s research on perceptions of poverty and inequality, and the influence that the myth of meritocracy has on these perceptions.

In this episode, Alice meets Luis Monroy-Gómez-Franco, who is a Ph.D. student in economics at CUNY Graduate Center, lecturer at The City College of New York, and external associate researcher at the Centro de Estudios Espinosa Yglesias (CEEY).
The topic of the conversation is social mobility, and how it functions as a link between big contemporary issues like poverty, inequalities, and the concentration of opportunities and how life trajectories are possible/likely in a given society, Mexico in our case, based on these.

You can find out more about Luis Monroy-Gómez-Franco here: https://sites.google.com/view/lmonroygomezfranco/home

Diego Castañeda Garza is an economic historian (currently finishing his PhD at the University of Lund) and prolific contributor to a range of media on questions of inequality, development, and economic history. Alice and Diego chatted about the impact of crises on inequality, and the challenges of historic analyses.

Dr. Roberto Vélez Grajales is currently the Director of the influential Mexican think tank Espinosa Yglesias Research Center (Centro de Estudios Espinosa Yglesias, CEEY). We met to converse about the unequal distribution of life chances in Mexico and what needs to be done to equalise both opportunities and outcomes.

Find out more about Roberto here:

https://scholar.google.es/citations?user=_7vh20AAAAAJ&hl=es

Find out more about the Espinosa Yglesias Research Center here:

https://ceey.org.mx/

In this episode two, Alice speaks with Ricardo Fuentes Nieva, an economist and the Director of Oxfam Mexico. He has previously worked at UNDP and World Bank and is co-author of the influential report “An Economy For the 1%”.

The main topic of the conversation is about the importance of studying inequalities today.

Enjoy it and please feel free to reach out if you have any questions you want us to ask about inequalities.

In this first episode, Alice meets Dr. Katie Higgins who is an Urban Studies Foundation Research Fellow in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at the University of Sheffield. They speak about wealth inequality and the influence of urban elites in Manchester.

Enjoy the video!

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